Kenneth Kamler, M.D., is an orthopedic microsurgeon trained at Columbia- Presbyterian Medical Center who practices surgery of the hand in New York, but practices extreme medicine in some of the most remote regions on Earth. He has treated bear bite in the Arctic and frostbite in the Antarctic. He has set fractures in the Andes and cared for out-of-breath scuba divers in the Galapagos. He has performed surgery in the mud of the Amazon rainforest and in a NASA undersea analogue space capsule. He has flown in zero-gravity aboard NASA’s C-9 “Vomit Comet”, testing robots for eventual use in emergency surgery on the International Space Station or on Mars.